Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success 516.731.4800 516.358.2300
Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success
Ophthalmology | Bethpage | Lake Success
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Comprehensive Eye Care

What is macular degeneration?

Age Related macular degeneration (AMD) Treatment | Bethpage | Lake SuccessAge-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease caused by damage or breakdown of the macula, the part of the retina that is responsible for our central vision. This condition affects both distance and close vision and can make some activities – like threading a needle or reading – very difficult or impossible. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over 65 in this country. Although the exact causes of AMD are not fully understood, we know that exposure to tobacco smoke and UV light rays predispose to the formation of AMD.

There are two general types of AMD: dry AMD and wet (exudative) AMD. In dry AMD, most people have few symptoms of decreased vision. Dry AMD is diagnosed by the presence of drusen and typical pigment changes in the macula. Recent scientific studies suggest that antioxidant vitamins used in patients with certain forms of dry AMD may reduce the risk of progression to more advanced stages of the disease. In wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the macula and disturb the overlying structures leading to decreased vision and distortion of objects. Your doctor may ask you to look at a Home Amsler Grid with each eye separately on a daily basis to monitor for changes in the status of your AMD. Recent advances in the treatment of wet AMD have included injections into the eye of medications that shrink these abnormal vessels, often stabilizing and sometimes improving vision when performed promptly. Routine dilated examinations are required to monitor AMD. Smoking cessation and UV protection while outside is recommended for all patients with AMD.

What is diabetic eye disease?

diabetic eye disease Treatment | Bethpage | Lake SuccessDiabetes is a very common condition in which small blood vessels throughout the body are damaged by elevated glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. Diabetes can occur in children (Type I Diabetes) and adults (Type II Diabetes). One of the complications of diabetes can be loss of sight, particularly if diabetes is not well-controlled. Damage to small blood vessels in the back of the eye (retina) can lead to swelling and bleeding. These changes can often be prevented by close monitoring and expedient use of laser treatment to the retina. Diabetics are also more likely to develop cataracts and certain types of glaucoma.

The risk of diabetic eye disease generally increases with the length of time that diabetes has been present. It is extremely important for diabetics to have complete dilated eye exams at least once a year by an ophthalmologist to monitor for diabetic eye disease.

What are vitreous floaters?

Vitreous floaters are an extremely common condition that most people will encounter eventually. In fact, the chance that a person has floaters is directly proportional to their age. People with myopia (nearsightedness) or a history of eye trauma are more likely to develop floaters earlier in life.

The vitreous gel fills the center of the eye. When we are born, the vitreous is thick and semi-solid, but as we age it naturally liquefies. As the vitreous gel liquefies, it changes shape and collapses in on itself. Condensations in the gel tend to cast a shadow on the retina, causing the intermittent or constant appearance of a dark spot or spots that tend to float by at times. Sometimes, as the gel pulls away from the retina which lines the back of the eye, it can pull on the retina, causing a sensation of a quick flashing light usually in the corner of the peripheral vision.

vitreous floaters | Bethpage | Lake Success

Vitreous floaters in and of themselves are not harmful. A small percentage of patients who develop vitreous floaters may have damage to their retina such as a retinal tear or detachment. For this reason, it is recommended that a complete dilated ophthalmic examination be performed at the onset of floaters and again 4-6 weeks later to confirm that the retina has not been damaged. If retinal complications are present, early treatment can prevent serious complications.

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Eye Care Associates & Glaucoma Consultants of Long Island
4212 Hempstead Turnpike | Bethpage, NY 11714 | Phone: 516.731.4800 | Fax: 516.731.4805
2001 Marcus Avenue | Lake Success, NY 11042 | Phone:516.358:2300 | Fax: 516.358.2329